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Each of the peoples of our planet have their own rituals, which are formed over the centuries. Rites of the Uzbek people, based on the rich cultural heritage of their ancestors, have come into modern life, retaining its identity and the diversity. In the life of Uzbeks rites have a special role. For example, these joyful moments of life, like the birth and upbringing of children, engagement, wedding accompanied by unusually bright ancient rites.
The appearance of a new human world, it is always a big event in Uzbek families, unusually anxiously relating to children, birth of a child is accompanied by a beautiful old rite - Beshik tui (wooden cradle) - the first laying of the baby in their own event usually krovatku.Eto priurachivaetsya the 7th , 9 th, 11 th or 40 th day of the birth of the baby. The relatives of a newborn mother appointed day bring cradle "beshik" with all necessary accessories, unforgettable and traditional cakes, sweets and numerous toys for the new man. All offerings are wrapped in a festive tablecloth "dastarkhan" .Pod sounds of traditional folk instruments (karnay, surnay drum) joyful celebration begins. Guests having fun and congratulate each other at the banquet table, and in a separate room a young mother surrounded by aunts commits ritual "swaddling first" and laying the baby in kolybel.V completion ceremony many guests are allowed at the bride indispensable baby. By tradition, they must say their blessings and shower cradle Nadab (grape sugar), parvarda (candy) or other sweets that would be the life of the child has developed a long, carefree and happy.
Khatna kilish or Sunnat Tuyi is mandatory rite of circumcision for all boys. From birth, his parents begin to prepare for this event: sew blankets, bed linen, festive clothes. The very same ritual is performed when a boy turns 3, 5, 7 or 9 years, very rarely - in the 11-12 years old.Before beginning of the ceremony in the presence of the elders, the imam (priest), and close male relatives to read the Koran. So blessed boy. Then put on the baby gifts, brought by relatives and neighbors, and in some cases put on a colt, in a sign that he becomes a man. This is followed by a small ritual "tahurar" where women are placed blankets and pillows on the chest. A rite finishes traditional Uzbek meal - pilaf.
The wedding takes place with the permission and blessing of parents and is carried out in several stages. When the son comes of age, parents start looking for the right girl for him. This process included close relatives, neighbors, friends. Having found a girl, aunts by mother or father come to the girl's house under any pretext, to look at her, to meet her parents and home settings of potential bride. After that, the neighbors and friends of the family questioned the chosen girl. In case of positive responses matchmakers are sent. One of the main procedures in matchmaking is "fatiha-tui" (engagement or engagement). Matchmakers appoint day of a betrothal. On this day, in the house of the girl going to see in the old district, the chairman of the mahalla, girls. After intermediaries explain the purpose of his arrival, the ceremony "non sindirish" (literally "breaking the cake"). Since then, the young are considered engagement. "Fatiha-tui" ends with the appointment of the day of marriage and wedding. Each intermediary is given dastarkhan with two cakes, sweets and gifts are sent by the girl's fiance and his parents. Upon return of intermediaries to the groom's house by their hands take trays of gifts and begin the ritual "sarpo kiyar" (presents). Dastarkhan usually deployed a large woman. All present help themselves brought from the house of the bride biscuits, sweets. This ceremony completes the engagement ritual. Since the "fatiha tui" and to young parents decide the wedding dowry issues and organizational issues related to the wedding celebration. A few days before the wedding, the girl held a ceremony "Kiz oshi" (hen), at which the bride invites her close friends and relatives.
The most vivid and lush Uzbek ceremony is a wedding - nikokh tui. Wedding celebration in Uzbek families - is the biggest event, which is traditionally celebrated noisily, and rich with lots of guests. This festival is open to all: close and distant relatives, neighbors, colleagues at work and friends.Early in the morning of the wedding day in the house of the groom and the bride's home entertainment arranged festive pilaf from which actually begins the wedding ceremony. Today, more and more morning pilaf is arranged not in the house, and in a coffee shop or tea house, which is much more convenient, and less troublesome for hosts.After morning pilaf groom, accompanied by friends, relatives, musicians and dancers come to the bride's house. Bride in wedding dress today, as a rule, in European white wedding dress, waits in a special room where attorneys can enter only the mullahs (priests). They take her consent to the marriage, and then read the prayer wedding - nikokh which concludes a marriage between youth.Then followed by the second part of the wedding ceremony - a farewell to his parents and family home. Friends of the groom ship the bride's dowry, and she says goodbye to her parents and left the house, accompanied by friends and relatives who sing farewell songs.In bride groom's house greeted the women, singing traditional wedding songs. By the door of the house is a white path - payandoz, in which the bride enters her new home. At the door she makes a nod to the new home - and at this moment it showered with flowers, money, sweets, wanting her so beautiful, rich and sweet life.From this moment begins a wedding celebration - nikokh tui, sometimes it lasts several days. After the wedding the groom escorted the bride to their new room, where she meets and disguises Yanga relative or close friend of the bride. Then the groom enters the room and "buys" the bride from Yanga and only after that the newlyweds left alone with each other.Early next morning, it's time to finish the rite - kelin salom or bride greeting. Young wife should, bowing low from the waist to greet the groom's parents, relatives and guests. And they, in turn, presented their gifts and congratulations on the marriage.
The rite of the morning pilaf held during the wedding ( "sunnat Tuyi" or marriage ceremony) and funeral (20 days and one year after the date of death). Organizers of the wedding appoint the date and time of the morning pilaf, after agreeing with the mahalla community or quarter's committee. On this day, sent invitations to relatives, neighbors and friends. In the evening, held a ceremony "Sabzi tugrar" - slicing carrots, which is usually visited by neighbors and close relatives. After "Sabzi tugrar" all participants are invited to the table. Usually Sabzi tugrar and invited artists. At the table during the feasting elders distribute the duties among the present. Morning pilaf should be ready by the end of the morning prayer - "bomdod namozi" because the first guests should be its members. By the end of the morning prayer sounds Carney sunray and tambourine alert that morning pilaf started. Guests sit at the tables and after reading the fotiha (wish) served scones and tea. Only then fed pilaf in lagans (great food) - one for two. After the meal lagans cleaned, guests again make a fotiha and thanked the host, go. After their departure the tables are quickly clean in order to receive new guests. Morning pilaf usually lasts no more than one and a half to two hours. All this time the guest artists performing songs. After the end of the morning pilaf honorable guests are given gifts - usually chapans (national men's robes). Funeral pilaf differs from the holiday pilaf that guests sat at tables, read verses from the Qur'an and commemorate the dead. Ends meal and reading suras from the Koran. The commemoration ceremony performers are not invited, and the tables are covered with more modest than during the holiday pilaf. It should be noted the peculiarity that festive pilaf and funeral pilaf served only by men.
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